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According to the aymara language, Ollantaytambo comes from the vocabulary ulla-nia-wi, that jeans “place to look down”, the word tambo, was added later. For the language of Quechua the word comes from ollanta (this was the name of a Inca captain, which history was saved as a oral tradition) the word tambo means “city that offers lodging”

In the opposite side of Pisaq and 80km from Cusco city we find the town of Ollantaytambo. One can come to this district, providence of Urubamba one can come by road through Chinchero - Urubamba, and also through the train tracks. The archeological complex of Ollantaytambo was a strategic army center, religious and agriculture. The scenery is exceptional because of its magnitude, style and the buildings have a particular form.

Ollantaytambo is one of the most spectacular archeological remains of Peru, for its multiplicity of archeological and the singularity of each one of them, they still haven’t come to a conclusion in the techniques that were used for the construction of the enormous walls made out of rock. Each rock is elaborated in an independent form in relation to all the other rocks, angles and different volumes.

The town was divided into rectangular blocks with in a well plan geometric design made by modern architects. The narrow streets are directed to the Urubamba River. Each block is composed by houses that share the same door to the central patio. In the town there is a distribution of rectilinear streets and very narrow streets that are inhabited since Inka times.