Sacsayhuaman is a composed Quechua word, Sacsay that means satisfied, and the huaman that is hawk. The hawk is a bird of prey that is most common in the Peruvian Andes; it was the protector of the first Inka, Mank Qhapaj.
Its construction will have started between the centuries XIV and XV. To finish the work of art it took seven decades and it took about 20,000 men to do it.
In the times of the Incas was called “sun’s house” and it was a great religious center of great importance in the local tradition, when the Spanish arrive they thought that it was a fortress because of the position and shape, it has three levels whose walls are made of rock and they are perfectly align, and this gives someone the impression of a great fortress on impenetrable access.
The first wall is the most impressive of them all because of the size, made out of rocks that weight 90-125 tons every single one of them, making it impossible for access, unless one would go through the three doors in the complex.
In front of the complex there is a group called “suchuna” or slider, is a natural formation of volcanic rock that emerges from the surface. To the north of the plain one can see the throne of the Inka, that it is a succession of benches worked on rock, beyond the famous chincanas or tunnels. Between both places there is a reservoir in a circular shape that has a perimeter or rock
On July 24th of every year there is a celebration of the Inti Raymi or the festivity for the Sum at the plain of this monument.
In the surrounding area there is a statue of Jesus that is approximately 25 meters called “The White Christ” that was a present by the colonial Palestine to Cusco. From this place you have a spectacular view of the city of Cusco.